Hard-extracted reserves, unconventional hydrocarbon sources
Section editor – PhD in geology and mineralogy Yakutseni V.P.
Article # 10 displayed on website on 11/20/2006
12 p.
pdf  Economic efficiency of VNIGRI’s innovations in high viscosity oil and natural bitumen fields development
High viscosity oil and natural bitumen are hard to recover hydrocarbon reserves which differ from conventional oil in increased viscosity in vivo and in complex composition. Apart from hydrocarbons they usually contain such valuable hetero-organic compounds as naphthenic acids, sulfonic acids, esters and ethers, rare non-ferrous metals in industrial concentrations. Special production technology, transportation and reprocessing are required for industrial development of high viscosity oil and natural bitumen fields, considering their specific features. All this requires extra energy and other material costs. The specialists working with VNIGRI were actively participating in the solution of this problem. The results of these studies have not lost their relevance even today. Moreover, using the experience gained, it is possible to switch to the industrial development of high viscosity oil and natural bitumen field much faster and more efficiently, given the current favorable market situation of hydrocarbons.
Key words: hard to recover reserves, high viscosity oil, natural bitumen, integrated, cost-effective field development.
article citation Iskritskaya N.I Economic efficiency of VNIGRI’s innovations in high viscosity oil and natural bitumen fields development // Neftegazovaya Geologiya. Teoriya I Praktika. – 2006. - V.1. - http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/9/10.pdf