|Article # 4_2013|
|18 p.||Neruchev S.G.|
|Transformation of planet Earth by biosphere living matter|
|The main stages of the biosphere history for 3.5 billion years are analyzed. The significant planetary role of the biosphere living matter in a significant transformation of the planet Earth (Earth's crust, its hydrosphere and its atmosphere) is shown.
The biosphere is a complex self-developing system, which has gradually created more favorable conditions for appearance and existence of new, improved organisms up to higher mammals culminating in humans. The biosphere ensured the possibility of ozone screen building, which protects from the sun's ultraviolet radiation. The biosphere has significantly changed the Earth's atmosphere by reducing the atmospheric pressure of 70 atm. to 1 atm., removing huge amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to the crust and increasing the concentration of oxygen up to contemporary amount necessary for breathing of the most advanced organisms.
A huge amount of geological, geochemical and paleobiological data were analyzed for the purpose of study and substantiation of the role of biosphere living matter in the transformation of the planet Earth.
Key words: biosphere, living matter, atmosphere, hydrosphere, organic world.
|article citation||Neruchev S.G. Preobrazovanie planety Zemlya zhivym veshchestvom biosfery [Transformation of planet Earth by biosphere living matter ]. Neftegazovaya Geologiya. Teoriya I Praktika, 2013, vol. 8, no. 1, available at: http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/10/4_2013.pdf|
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