New methods and technologies
Section editor – PhD in geology and mineralogy Prischepa O.M.
|Article # 28_2010||submitted on 05/21/2010 displayed on website on 05/31/2010|
|9 p.||Levchenko D.G.|
|Methods and means of measuring the parameters of oceanic environment by automatic multi-purpose bottom stations|
|The increase in offshore hydrocarbon production puts in the forefront the problems of safety and monitoring of offshore hydrocarbon fields, particularly in the light of the latest events in the Gulf of Mexico. Therefore, the development of new methods and equipment for underwater researches is of tremendous importance now. Automatic bottom multi-purpose stations are also the ideal mean for monitoring of underwater setting in hydrocarbon production districts because they allow simultaneous controlling a great number of sea environment parameters in an online regime.
The prime problems in developing the underwater bottom stations are choosing the methods and means of measuring the needed parameters, choosing the ways of data collection and storage, the relation of measurement results to absolute time, ensuring the necessary reliable communication for transmitting data and control commands, providing the necessary duration of autonomous work at a bottom.
Key words: hydrocarbon production, underwater measurements, bottom seismograph, portents of earthquakes, instruments for current velocity and direction measure, considerable movements of earth surface, acoustic and seismic signals, block of measuring hydrophysical parameters, fluxgate magnetometer.
|article citation||Levchenko D.G. Methods and means of measuring the parameters of oceanic environment by automatic multi-purpose bottom stations// Neftegazovaya Geologiya. Teoriya I Praktika. – 2010. - V.5. - #2.- http://www.ngtp.ru/rub/12/28_2010.pdf|